If you’re heading to the Grand Canyon, use this list of fun facts to wow your family and friends!
- The Grand Canyon ranges from 4 to 18 miles wide (6 – 28km) and is 277 miles long (445km) (that’s river miles).
- On average, it is 5000 feet deep (1,524m or over half a kilometer deep)
- The entire Grand Canyon is essentially tilted: the northern rim is 1200 ft higher than the southern rim.
- The climate within the canyon is semi-arid, and the floor in summer can heat up to 106 degrees Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius).
- It is the third largest canyon in the world (exceeded by Barranca de Cabre in Northern Mexico and Hell’s Canyon in Idaho).
- Around 88 species of mammals, 250 – 300 species of birds, 25 types of reptiles and five species of amphibians all live in the Grand Canyon.
- The first white man to discover the Grand Canyon was García López de Cárdenas in 1540.
- Scientists suggest it took 3-6 million years to form.
- It was carved with a single river, the Colorado, by the process of erosion.
- 800 million gallons of water flow through it per hour (that’s 3028 million liters).
- It is a “Natural Wonder of the World”.
- Its base is about 1/3 of the earth’s age.
- The floor of the Grand Canyon contains fossil footprints of over 20 species of reptiles and amphibians, yet no fossilized reptile bones or teeth have ever been uncovered.
- Due to the absence of actual soil in the Canyon, very little plant life can grow on the floor, except for desert plants.
- It is the site of the rare Brady Pin-cushion cactus, discovered in 1958.
- The oldest human artifacts in the Grand Canyon are estimated to be 3000-4000 years old.
For more information about the Grand Canyon, as well as places to stay in the area please visit http://www.vacationsmadeeasy.com/GrandCanyonAreaAZ/